Right Form of Verbs: 30+Rules with Practical Examples

January 11, 2024 ...

Verbs are the most variable component of a sentence. They take different forms according to tense, person, voice, moods, modals, subject-verb agreement, etc. To grasp the concept of the right form of verbs, we need to master the rules first.

However, if you want to truly make your learning curve easier, you can enroll in 10 Minute School’s ‘ঘরে বসে English Grammar‘. With 100 videos and notes, this course will not only help you understand verb formation but enhance your overall grammar understanding.

Here are 30+ Rules of the Right form of verbs in English, which you should definitely master:

Right form of verbs Rule #1: 3rd Person & singular number

If your subject is 3rd Person & singular number and the verb is in Simple Present Tense, then. Also, It is not applicable for other Tense.

Add ‘s’/’es’ to the verb to make it plural.

Example:

  • He drinks coffee.
  • She eats rice.

Right form of verbs Rule #2: Universal Truths

In the case of Universal truth & the habitual fact:

The sentence is in Simple Present Tense.

Example:

  • The sun gives us light.
  • Humans are mortals

Right form of verbs Rule #3: Present Continuous

If the work is continuing at present:

The verb is in the present continuous. Indicative words: now, at present, at this moment, etc.

Example:

  • She is singing now.
  • He is reading.

Right form of verbs Rule #4: ‘just’, ‘just now..’, etc

If a sentence contains just, just now, already, yet, ever, lately, recently, etc., then:

The verb will be in the present perfect tense. 

Example:

  • He has just left the house
  • I have already done this research

Right form of verbs Rule #5: Past time

If a sentence contains words indicating past time, such as yesterday, ago, long since, etc., then:

The verb will be in the past form

Example:

  • I went to my village home last week.
Right form of verbs Important rules
Source: Learngrammar.net

Right form of verbs Rule #6: ‘No sooner had…than’

If a sentence contains “No sooner had …. than”, “scarcely had when”, “hardly had before”, etc., then:

The first verb will be in the past participle form and the second verb will be in the past form

Example:

  • No sooner had the thief seen the police than he ran away.
  • Hardly had I reached the stop when they came.

Right form of verbs Rule #7: ‘since’

If the first part of ‘since’ is in present indefinite or present perfect tense then the next part will be past indefinite.

Example: It has been many years since I came to Paris.

If the first part of ‘since’ is in past indefinite tense then the next part becomes past perfect.

Example:

  • It was many years since they had first met.

 

English Grammar Fundamentals

কোর্সটিতে যা যা পাচ্ছেন:

  • ইংরেজি গ্রামারের গুরুত্বপূর্ণ বেসিক রুলস
  • প্রয়োজন অনুযায়ী গ্রামারের ব্যবহার
  • উদাহরণের মাধ্যমে প্রতিটি রুলস এর সহজ ব্যাখ্যা
  • ১৭টি ভিডিও লেসন ও সার্টিফিকেট
  •  

    Right form of verb Rule #8: ‘nor, or, either..’

    When nouns or pronouns are joined by ‘or, nor, either…or, neither… nor’:

    The verb form usually agrees with the noun that is closest to the verb.

    Example: Neither the President nor the two houses are governing now.

    Right form of verb Rule #9: ‘after’

    If the first part of ‘after’ is in past indefinite tense, then the next part will be past perfect

    Example:

    • The teacher started the class after Raju had come.

    Right form of verbs Rule #10: ‘while’

    If the verb

    • comes after ‘while’, then the verb will take ‘ing’ with it
    • if comes after ‘while + subject’, then the verb will be in the past continuous tense

    Example:

    • While going to school, I saw a snake.

    26104630 526981781002088 1435139282 oRead more: Subject-Verb Agreement With The Batman


    Right form of verbs Rule  #11: ‘to be’ and ‘having’

    The main verb after ‘to be’ and ‘having’ takes past participle form

    Example:

    • He ran away having taken the money.

    Right form of verbs Rule #12: Future indicative words

    For future indicative words like ‘by this time, by morning, by Sunday’, etc., then:

    The verb will be in the future perfect tense

    Example:

    • They will have reached by this time.

    Right form of verb Rule #13: ‘tomorrow’, ‘next year’, etc

    If a sentence contains tomorrow, next year, coming month, etc., then:

    the verb will be in the future indefinite tense.

     Example:

    • I will leave for Kolkata tomorrow.

    Right form of verb Rule #14: two verbs

    If a simple sentence contains two verbs, then:

    The 2nd verb will take ‘ing’ or ‘to’ before it or will take the past participle form.

    Example:

    • I saw him running

    Right form of verbs Rule #15: ‘had rather’, ‘had better’, etc.

    If a sentence contains ‘had rather’, ‘had better’, ‘would better’, ‘let’, ‘would rather’, ‘dare’, ‘must need’, etc, then:

    • The verb is in the present form.
    • If there is ‘to’ before that verb, the ‘to’ will be omitted. 

    Example:

    • You had better go to the class.

    Right form of verbs Rule #16: ‘it is time’

    The verb after it is high time, it is time, wish, fancy, etc. will be in the past form.

    Example:

    • It is high time we did the work.

     

    English for Everyday

    কোর্সটি করে যা শিখবেন:

  • প্রাত্যহিক জীবনে ইংরেজি ভাষার ব্যবহার
  • ইংরেজিতে প্রশ্ন ও উত্তর দেওয়ার কৌশল
  • ইংরেজিতে সাবলীলভাবে কথা বলার আত্নবিশ্বাস
  • অফিসে ব্যবহার করার জন্য Professional Practice
  •  

    Right form of verb Rule #17: ‘though’, ‘as if’, etc.

    After as though, as if, wish, etc., the ‘to be verb’ transforms into ‘were’. 

    Example:

    • I wish I were a butterfly.

    Right form of verbs Rule #18: ‘as though/as if’

    If the first part of ‘as though/as if’ is present indefinite, then the next part will be past indefinite. 

    If the first part is past indefinite, the next part will be past perfect

    Example:

    • He speaks as though he knew everything.

    Right form of verbs Rule #19: Modal auxiliaries

    The principal verb takes the present form after modal auxiliaries. 

    Example:

    • One should not waste time.

    Right form of verb Rule #20: ‘am’, ‘is’, ‘are’, etc.

    The verb after 

    • am, is, are, was, were, takes ‘ing’ inactive form
    • But it will be in the past participle in passive form. 

    Example:

    • He is doing the work

    Right form of verbs Rule #21: Causative Verb

    If have, has, had, got, etc. work as a causative verb in a sentence, then:

    The verb after them will be a past participle. 

    Example:

    • I got the work done.

    Right form of verb Rule #22: ‘get used to’, ‘without’, etc.

    After phrases such as get used to, without, cannot help, past, could not help, with a view toward, look forward to, would you mind, etc., the:

    Given verb takes ‘ing’ form

    Example: I went to Chittagong with a view to attend the wedding.


    21 July GlobalRead more: How to learn English at home


     

    Right form of verb Rule #23: ‘There’

    Sentences starting with ‘there’

    • If there is a singular number, the verb will be singular
    • If there is a plural number, the verb will be plural

    Example: There is a high school in our town, and there are 2 high schools in our town.

    Right form of verbs Rule #24: ‘lest’

    With ‘lest’ in the sentence:

    ‘might/should’ follows the subject.

    Example: He worked hard lest he might miss the deadline.

    Right form of verbs Rule #25: ‘while’

    After ‘While’

    • The verb takes ‘ing’ 
    • But if there is a subject, the sentence is past continuous tense.

    Example: While walking at the station, I met him.

     

    ঘরে বসে English Grammar

    কোর্সটিতে যা যা পাচ্ছেন:

  • সঠিকভাবে ইংরেজি লিখতে প্রয়োজনীয় গ্রামারের সকল নিয়ম ও ব্যাখ্যা
  • একই গ্রামারের বিভিন্ন রকম বাস্তব উদাহরণ ও ব্যাখ্যা
  • English Grammar-এর সহজ থেকে জটিল বিষয়
  • ৪১টি ভিডিও, ৪১টি নোট, ২২ সেট কুইজ
  •  

    Right form of verbs Rule #26: ‘would that’

    For sentences starting with ‘would that’, there comes a ‘could’ after the subject and the verb is in present form. 

    Example: Would that I could see a lion.

    Right form of verbs Rule #27:‘to be’ and ‘having’

    After ‘to be’ and ‘having’:

    The verb is in past participle

    Example: The game is yet to be played

    Right form of verbs Rule #28:

    A verb must agree with its subject, regardless of the verb coming after or before the subject.

    Example: At the end of the road is the secretary’s Office.

    Right form of verbs Rule #29: Multiple subjects

    If multiple subjects are joined with ‘and’, then:

    The verb takes the plural form.

    Example: She and Mahir are friends.

    Right form of verbs Rule #30: ‘every, ‘each’ and ‘one’

    After ‘every’, ‘each’, ‘one’ :

    The verb is in the singular form.

    Example: one of the managers is ill today

    Right form of verbs Rule #31: Singular in meaning but plural in a form

    Subjects that are singular in meaning but plural in a form such as poetry news, politics, information, economics, scenery, advice, furniture, wages, etc., have singular verbs. 

    Example: The news is spreading fast.

    Right form of verbs Rule #32: Interrogative sentences

    If interrogative sentences start with who, which, what, where, etc., then:

    There comes an auxiliary verb according to tense and person.

    Example: Where do you live?

    Right form of verbs Rule #33: Uncountable nouns

    In the case of uncountable nouns such as oxygen, water, air, etc., the verb takes a singular form.

    Example: Milk is white.

    Start exercising!

    Verbs are action words and actions have timelines. And we make thousands of actions for a thousand reasons. Grammar in the right form of verbs is easy when you keep on practicing. Now that you know the formulas, rock any English assessments by putting the verbs in the right manner!


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